The development of new offspring starts immediately after an aphid is born. Among the sucking insect pests aphids had a mean density of 17.59 with a relative density 22.55 percent , The jassid population had a Following is all about Brinjal varieties and Diseases in India. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. Aphids are 1/32 to 1/8 inch in length. ... Mite, Jassids, Aphids and Mealy Bug: These insects feed on plant by sucking the sap from the leaves. Melon or cotton aphid. Description. In 1992, aphid populations that exceeded 50/leaf for 3 weeks, and 100/leaf for 2 weeks significantly reduced cotton plant height. English: English potato; Irish potato; white potato Tugi (Bon.) Congregating on lower leaf surfaces, they pierce the plant and suck sap. They are … Aphids are small, pear-shaped, soft-bodied insects. If the plant becomes too crowded or if it becomes late in the season and the aphids need to find a winter host, the aphids give birth to young that will grow up to have wings and can move to other plants. Cucumis melo (Melon) Scientific name English common name Code Viruses Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus Cucumber green mottle CGMMV Cucumber mosaic virus Cucumber mosaic CMV Cucumber vein yellowing virus Cucumber vein yellowing CVYV Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Cucurbit yellow … Damage. They attack eggplant, tomato, and potato and are most often found on young, actively growing tissue. In a study of late season aphids, also in Texas, one part of a field was treated to keep aphid populations below 50/leaf, while the other part had aphid densities greater than 50/leaf. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. Worldwide. If damage is unusual or on an unlisted host plant , submit a sample of the insect to your local extension agent or … Distribution. Also known as anglophone, aubergine, brinjal, or in the Philippines “talong”, it is a … Common Name: Greenbug, aphid Scientific Name: Varies Order: Homoptera Description: Mature female greenbugs are winged or wingless, pear-shaped, about 1/16-inch long, pale green, and marked with a darker green stripe down the middle of the back and black tips on the legs and the two appendages (cornicles) on the back of the abdomen. Scientific / Botanical Name of Eggplant. A separate key may be required to differentiate the forms. Economic Importance. BSFB, L. orbonalis; aphid, A. gossypii; leafhopper, A. biguttula biguttula and flea beetle, M. signata were recorded as insect pests of brinjal found abundantly on crop right from transplanting till harvesting of the crop. It is one of the most serious pests of brinjal fruits and plants. Tobacco aphids are not known to have an egg stage, and they reproduce by giving birth to live young female aphids without mating. Aphis gossypii. 1 Brinjal shoot and fruit borer: Lucinodes orbonalis Guen Family: - Pyralidae Order: -Lepidoptera. Whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) Aphids come in a variety of species. Eggplant, Auberigine, Brinjal. Brinjal (Solanum melongena), also known as eggplant or aubergine, is an easily cultivated plant belonging to the family Solanaceae. Their young are able to produce young as well without mating. Aphids live in colonies. Nymphs are similar to adults. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. Appearance: All aphids are soft-bodied and pear-shaped with a pair of cornicles (tailpipe-like structures) projecting from the rear end of their abdomen. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. Distribution. Wilting and discoloration may follow. There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Common Name. Eggplant is the egg-shaped glossy black fruit with white flesh and a meaty texture. To sample for potato aphids, remove leaves from the terminal parts of 35 plants and count the number of aphids. January brinjal was infested by aphid, jassid, whitefly, brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Epilachna beetle and bug. A female reproduces up to 100 aphids. Colors vary by species, but popular ones are green, yellow, or white. Scientific Name. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. There are many species of aphids ranging in color from green to pink to black to dusty gray or white with a fluffy coating. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Aphids hibernate as eggs. 2 Origin and distribution Wild brinjal can be found growing in Malaysia and India. In autumn, the aphids switch from host plant and reproduce sexually. Ba humbugi. They feed on plant sap and subsequently excrete a sugary substance (called honeydew) that can attract ants as well as support the growth of a saprophytic fungus called sooty mold. All types of aphids pierce the plant at its leaves and stems. Leaves curl downward and pucker. Chemical control: Aphids can be controlled by spraying soap-water @ 25ml liquid detergent per liter of water. They have been found on all the cucurbits, bean, pea, eggplant, okra, spinach, tomato and cotton. A group called "woolly aphids" are covered in a white, waxy substance that resembles cotton or fuzz. The melon aphid has a wide host range. Common Name. Aphis gossypii. The larva uses its maxillae to seize and pierce prey and inject paralyzing venom; it then sucks body fluids from its prey. . It belongs to the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. He miptera Aleyrodidae 16 2 nd October to 20th March VS 2. Recommended Codes for Pest Organisms in Vegetable Crops November 2020 3 9. The larva can suck the life juice from an aphid in 90 seconds and can eat 100 aphids or more in a week. common name: green peach aphid scientific name: Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) Introduction and Distribution - Life Cycle and Description - Host Plants - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction and Distribution (Back to Top). Epilachna (Henosepilachna) vigintioctopunctata. Repeat in at least 10 locations per field. Table.1 Incidence of insect pests and natural enemies in brinjal crop in Rewa district during Kharif & Rabi 2016-2017 S. No. Widesprread. Other Names of Eggplant. Common Name. Genus: Solanum – Nightshade . It has many advantages such as: Classification and organisation – Entities are comprehensively organised which makes understanding and studying characteristics of particular entities easy and organized Scientific Name. Note, the number of spots is variable and cannot be used to identify the ladybird beetles. Scientific Name. In spring and summer, the population consists of viviparous females with an asexual reproduction cycle. Common name of insect pests/ Natural enemy Scientific name Order Family Crop age (DAT) Period of activity Crop stage 1. Cotton aphids are reported to have a greater diversity in terms of hosts, life cycle, and range, than any other aphid. Aphis gossypii: melon aphid: APHIDS: Macrosiphum euphorbiae: potato aphid: APHIDS: Myzus persicae: green peach aphid: APHIDS: Adoretus sinicus Eggplant comes from the family Solanaceae and its botanical name is Solanummelongena. Eggplant ladybird beetle, large 28-spotted ladybird beetle. The aphids that pose the most serious problem to Wisconsin vegetable production include the green peach, melon, potato and soybean aphids. Aphids are soft-bodied, sucking insects that are sometimes called plant lice. Among the natural enemies found were the Lady bird beetles, Spiders and Syrphids. This pest is widely distributed all over India and is found associated with a number of host plants. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Worldwide. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF EGGPLANT – In this topic, we are going to know about the scientific name of eggplant or known in the country as talong. Distribution. Brinjal Varieties List: Pusa Purple of Brinjal Varieties: It’s an early maturing and long fruited type sort. The presence of aphids on vegetables reduces acceptability to the customers. Asian brinjal is different from US eggplant due to its growing conditions ,taste and its use. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Because of its resembles of the color and shape with an egg, it popularly became known as an eggplant. The larva is a voracious predator attacking soft-bodied insects such as aphids and caterpillars of like or smaller size. There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. The fruits are ready for picking in 100 to 110 days after planting. There are certainly other hosts not reported. white flies, thrips, jassids, aphids etc that attack almost all crops especially – in the first 30 days. Melon or cotton aphid. Acyrthosiphon kondoi, the blue alfalfa aphid, also known as bluegreen aphid, is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera.It is a true bug and sucks sap from leguminous plants, particularly alfalfa (known as lucerne in most countries outside North America). Description: Potato aphids are larger than green peach aphids and come in both red and green. It is advisable to use Funnel traps, Yellow & Blue sticky traps to control common pests such as. 1 Its fruit is high in nutrition and commonly consumed as a vegetable.The fruit and other parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine. Management: Biological control: Many parasitoids and predators like wasp, syrphid-fly larvae, aphid lions, ladybird bettels etc attack on aphid and control them. What about the aphid’s life cycle? Eggplant, Solanum melongena, is a tropical, herbaceous, perennial plant, closely related to tomato, in the family Solanaceae which is grown for its edible fruit.The plants has a branching stem and simple, long, flat. Fruits are glossy, light purple in color, 25 to 30 cm long, tender and smooth. Asia, South America (Brazil), Oceania. The infestation on brinjal can be as high as 70 per cent. These insects were the actual key pests in the reduction of the brinjal yield in all over nation. The scientific name for eggplant is Solanum melongena. Image from: Medical News Today. Brinjal or Eggplant is an important crop of sub tropics and tropics. coarsely lobed leaves which are green in color and are arranged alternately on the branches. Their young are able to produce young as well without mating the of... Melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit resembles of the brinjal yield in all nation. 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